- Grantham -
Population: 33,300 There is no doubt that the town of Grantham was established during Saxon times, but it was the Danes who made the town the centre for the region.
By the middle of the 11th Century Grantham was already an important market town, something which still applies today.
Described in the Doomsday Book as a villa or town, in medieval times it was the production and sale of wool which created the town's wealth, as Grantham contained no arable fields.
During the 1800s Grantham became a railway town, partly because it was around 100 miles north of London, and the first military airfield in Lincolnshire was established on the heathland in Spitalgate parish in 1914.
The town has its fair share of heritage, beginning with Belton House, near Grantham, which is in a setting of gardens, parkland, church and estate village.
In the 1990s it was the location for the BBC adaptation of Jane Austen's novel, Pride and Prejudice.
Built on seven levels, Harlaxton Manor is a mixture of Elizabethan and Victorian details, and is the very essence of opulence.
Priceless antique furniture, tapestries and porcelain are on show at Belvoir Castle, near the town, which is the spectacular home of the Duke and Duchess of Rutland.
Grantham has developed into a prosperous engineering town with good facilities and excellent communications, and the position of the town on the main rail route north and on the A1 makes it a prime location for industry.